Re: Plagiarism Story Part III
> It is important to understand the genesis of the Wheel Concept to
> understand the plagiarism story. It all began in the spring of 1995.
> After the concept of the modified Benedict Cross was rather well
> defined, I discussed it in detail with Alex Summers in the summer of
> 1995. As a result of our discussions, he wrote two short articles in
> Journal Vol 26.2, "Why So Many Sports" and "Thoughts on the Benedict
> Cross". I wrote in the same edition "Clans of Sporting Clones". Neither
> of us knew the other was writing on the subject. I suggest readers go to
> these three articles for a good historical background of understanding.
> Soon after, in October 1995, I wrote the following to the Scientific
> Exchange Robin as my letter of contribution:
> "For this letter go-around I thought I would share with readers
> something I have been working on regarding sports. I have become
> fascinated with the subject as you can imagine. "Clans of Sporting
> Clones" in the fall edition of the Journal (which should be arrivng any
> day now, I hope) gives an overview and my opinions on the subject.. In
> addition, since I am scheduled to give a talk on this subject at the
> winter meeting of the DEMARVA Hosta Group , I have been digging for facts
> on plastids that are the basis for the phenomenon of sports in hostas.
> While conducting these inquiries, a few additional ideas presented
> themselves like an Edison light bulb. Among them is the concept that if
> one superimposes a circle over a Benedict Cross, this format serves as a
> graphic pattern to use in determining the correct location of a given
> sport in relation to other sports in its "clan". The location is based
> upon its color as determined by its plastid mixture endowment. Jim
> Wilkins calls it the Hosta Enneagram but this assumes that there are
> only nine types of sports in a clan (ennea in Greek means nine). But as
> you will see from examples given later, there can be more than nine
> sports in some clans.
> I have been calling the graphic pattern an "Artist's Palette". The
> examples attached show various sports that are derived from a common
> parent plant highlighted in blue".
> ( I attached a copy of 'Clans of Sporting Clones" along with several
> "Wheels" showing related sports.)
> A few weeks later in the fall I was in communication with Warren
> Pollock. He was concerned that I had used the term "clan". He told me
> that this term had been reserved by the Nomenclature people in the ICNCP
> Committee for use in Orchid nomenclature. I was not very concerned about
> this because I had never taken nomenclature as seriously as Warren.
> Besides, I had used "clans of sporting clones" also as a clever (I
> thought) example of alliteration in the title of the article.
> On March 10, 1996 I wrote a letter to Warren to try to clarify this
> minor conflict. I explained my thinking about the Artist Palette
> concept. I wrote in part:
> "As I studied plastid characteristics during the summer and fall of
> 1995, I came to realize the importance of the numerous possible
> variations in plastid attributes in hosta sports and their impact on
> leaf morphological differences. The Benedict Cross and modifications of
> it developed as I attempted to organize the morphological differences
> into a logical pattern. This resulted in the so-called "Artist Palette"
> concept. I wrote three papers that are inter-related:
> Clans of Sporting Clones
> Where do Sports Come From?
> Using an Artist's Palette to Classify Hosta Sports
> I sent all three of these to you and discussed them briefly with you. I
> am assuming that you have read them all very critically. I also sent
> these papers to Jim Wilkins, Alex Summers,Van Wade, Pete Ruh, Ran
> Lydell, Clyde Crockett and through the Scientific Exchange Robin letter
> via Kenn Skrupky....
> ...You have questioned the use of the term "clan". My analysis suggests
> that some similar term is still needed. Why? My analysis follows:
> Grexes defined by Schmid were hybrids of known ,identical parentage,
> with individual plants having almost similar morphology, being similar
> phenotypically and genotypically.
> Groups (look-alikes) were understood to be comprised of plants with
> similar appearancees but not necessarily similar genetically. They could
> be hybrid derivatives of unknown or non-identical parentage. They are
> similar phenotypically but not genotypically.
> A new category appreared to be needed for groups of sports with common
> ancestry but not identical appearance because of their plastid
> endowment. They are similar genotypically but not phenotypically. I used
> "clans of sporting clones" to represent these "groups of related
> A fourth much larger group is represented by all other species and
> cultivars which have not yet sported. They are not similar , either
> genotypically or phenotypically."
> I gave Warren what I considered the criteria for the third group
> described as "clans of sporting clones:" or "groups of related
> sports"...."the term should represent the definition of a group of
> plants, propagated asexually, derived from a common progenitor,
> demonstrating temporary or permanent chimeral changes or reversions
> from chimeral forms to monocolored forms. Since they arise from plastid
> mutations, they are morphologically variable, perhaps possessing many
> color forms due to their plastid endowment."
> This criteria in the correspondence to Pollock was provided to the
> Registrar on another occasion but his comment was..."I did not find your
> letter to Warren Pollock particularly revealing as to your intent
> (concerning the Wheel Concept)".
> What I have tried to demonstrate in this series of comments within
> communications was that the concept of sports derived from a common
> progeniotor, and as described in a graphic format and based upon plastid
> types, populations and distribution was an original creation in my
> opinion. I had acknowledged other group types mentioned by others, such
> as Schmid who had described the Tiara "series". I have never claimed to
> be the first to use the term "group". I am the first to use "Clans of
> Sporting Clones", "Groups of Related Sports", Modified Benedict Cross
> and similar terms to describe groups of sports under the criteria
> described in the correspondence to Warren Pollock mentioned above. The
> purpose of this discription is simply to establish these historical
> facts about the genesis of the Sport Groups as I have used and named
> them beginning in mid 1995.
> Jim Hawes
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