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RE: Leaf Spot--aphids--foliar feeding



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Donald,
on Leaf Spot matter you wrote,
Gerry,

I would love to comment on the leaf spot issue.  Being from the Deep and
Humid South, one would expect that my garden would be overrun with leaf
spot.  Watching the last few posts on leaf spot, I wondered how I had
managed to escape this nasty sounding stuff.  I speculated as to what I =
was
doing differently than everyone else. It must be the foliar sprays as I =
do
not use any heavy duty chemicals or any fungicide sprays in my garden.

I'm pretty aggressive at removing spent or yellow foliage on my TB's
throughout the year.  I use foliar sprays on all of my perennials =
including
the irises and daylilies. I use a spray of a store brand "Miracle-Gro =
like"
fertilizer with other things thrown in: Epsom salts, dishwashing liquid
(AJAX Lemon- phosphate free), fish emulsion with seaweed extract, and =
even
Tabasco sauce (for the rabbits).  I figure that I kill the aphids and =
feed
the plants at the same time.  The key ingredient that may be effectively
deterring the leaf spot is the dishwashing liquid. The soap dries those
little aphids up overnight and lemon is said to deter ants (aphid =
herders).

My wife (a non-gardener) has commented in the past to me saying that my
bearded irises have such healthy looking foliage compared to the ones =
she
sees in neighborhood gardens. I also find that this foliar feeding =
method
is an easy way to fertilize without any worry of disturbing shallow =
roots.
I do incorporate some slow release fertilizer, alfalfa pellets, and =
horse
manure at transplanting time.

I love to experiment with things added to the foliar sprays.  Anyone =
else
have a favorite ingredient (things fairly non-toxic to humans)?  I once =
saw
a famous gardening fellow (can't remember his name) on the local PBS =
T.V.
channel talking about mixing up a concoction with Listerine mouthwash,
beer, tobacco juice, and lots of other household items.  Anyone know =
about
this fellow and if his homemade garden remedies actually work?

-Donald


Donald Mosser
dmosser@ibm.net

North Augusta, South Carolina, USA
On the South Carolina and Georgia Border
USDA Zone 7b-8

Donald and all,
take attention, please, that leaf spot disease and influence of aphids =
are two different things. We have also sometimes lot of aphids, but =
there is no problem to persuit aphids. I use very sticky as we call here =
'green soap' and it work well. But to persuit spores of fungi =
Heterosporium gracile copper preparates are need. Your succes, Donald, =
may have two variants. Or in one of means you use there is copper, or =
humidity of weather in your area is not with rains, only weathers =
humidity. It is some different. Most dangerous is humidity with rains. =
As all iris growers know the surface of bearded iris leaf is covered =
like with wax. After rain only some drops remain on the leaf. In theese =
drops fungi spores begin to germinate  and if after rain is sunny =
weather germination is very quick, as water drops work like lenses and =
increase temperature in those spots. It is because first we have single =
spots on the leafs and only after some time fungi spots overgrow all =
surface of leaf.=20
It is good your idea to use at once fertilizing means. Of course it do =
plant more strong, from other hand strong plant can better itself =
struggle for healthy exsistence. I am quite satisfied hearing your =
practice and will do better my experience too.
For persons who have leaf spot as greater problem I can recomend to use =
dishwashing liquid or other mean for sticknes and copper sulphate / I do =
not remember well, but maybe formula is CuSO4. We call it "blue stone" =
as it is of blue color/. The concentration is used of 1%. Used for =
flowers it is not dangerous for humans. Now there are many fungicides, =
which are not toxic and dangerous, but sometimes philosophy or =
confidence do not allow to use it.

Edmundas Kondratas
Lithuania, Kaunas

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