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Re: Aroid-L P. XANADU

  • Subject: Re: Aroid-L P. XANADU
  • From: <ju-bo@msn.com>
  • Date: Fri, 21 Aug 2009 11:34:25 +0000

Dear All,

Due to my illness I am only now able to add my voice to this discussion.
P. xanadu is a good species of Philodendron within the group of Meconostigmas or self-headers.  It differs from all other species of Meconostigmas in details of the sexual parts of its spadix, the shape of the leaf scars on the rhizomes, shape of leaf blade, intravaginal squamules, etc..  The color of its spathe is different to P. bipinnatifidium (we must remember that it was brought into cultivation from Australia with a note that it was a ''sport'' of P. bipinnatifidium), and blooms more sparingly, and seemingly in the cooler season here in Florida.   It was most probably received in Australia as as seed ex: the nursery of Alvim Seidel in Brazil.
In tissue culture it becomes very ''plastic'' in its vegetative features, mainly by the leaf blades retaining juvenile features (reduced rear lobes of the leaf blade) for many years, up to 20 years or more, even when planted in the ground.  
I have a friend in Miami who is VERY interested in this species, and he has had access to several batches of tissue cultured ''starts'' (thousands per batch!) of this species. He has chosen for his collection any plant which did not conform to its siblings/clones, and has about 50+ or so of them.   What wonderful variations!   Some robust and MUCH larger than their siblings, some with darker petioles, etc.   We shall see what they look like as adult plants.  This points out that in ADDITION to the variations caused by the massive doses of chem. done during the tissue culture process (to deliberately cause multiplication, clumping, AND dwarfing), that there probably is a genitic factor playing into the vegetative variation in this species.
In older literature (by Dr. Eduardo Goncalves?) I recall reading that there is a group of plants in the highlands which were being discussed as possible P. ''selloums'' which bore a purple/scarlet spathe, while other P. ''selloums''/P. bipinnatifidiums bore blooms with green spathes. 
Then there is the David Woolsey plant ex: Leland Miyano in Hawaii which was wild-collected in Brazil, and which I discussed and pictured in my most recent article on P. xanadu in Aroideana.   Its leaves certainly bears a VERY close resemblance to adult P. xanadu ex: tissue culture (see my article!).  
Then there are the plants grown here in the U.S.A. from seed ex: Seidel, like Airlans, Brians, etc., these could very well either BE P. xanadu or related to it!!
We must wait and observe what the blooms and sexual parts of their spadices on these plants look like if and when they bloom!   
I am convinced that there is a complex of Meconostigmas in the wilds of Brazil into which P. xanadu falls (or which ARE P. xanadu!) which bear blooms w/ purple-scarlat spathes.  Maybe we will get lucky, and one of the many Philodendron experts who work in Brazil will come up with a review of this group in the near future??
I hope that this note may clear up some questions.

Julius



From: mickpascall@hotmail.com
To: aroid-l@gizmoworks.com
Date: Fri, 14 Aug 2009 17:07:20 +1000
Subject: Re: [Aroid-l] Aroid-L XANADU

Herm , you must be seeing some strange things with Xanadu tags on them , as I only know it as a small clumping self-header with pinnate dark green leaves .
Is know a species .

Michael Pascall,




Date: Thu, 13 Aug 2009 13:14:34 -0700
To: aroid-l@gizmoworks.com; aroid-l@gizmoworks.com
From: hermine@endangeredspecies.com
Subject: Re: [Aroid-l] Aroid-L XANADU


what is this thing with Philodendron  'Xanadu' being so variable? some look like epiphytic ferns, others have huge fat petioles, some are blue, others almost orange.

discuss and explain how this happened. I thought a named cultivar was supposed to be UNIFORM.

herm


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