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Cultivar registration


Unfortunately the 1995 version of the International Code of Nomenclature for
Cultivated Plants (ICNCP) is not available online. You can purchase the book,
but it is about $50 US. The two booksellers that I have found with this
available are Koeltz or Balough, each with web sites for ordering online.
This is not something you can pick up at the local Barnes and Noble nor is it
available from Amazon. I think they are making some changes to the Code so
there may be a new version out before too long.

>From what I can understand from the ICNCP, instead of naming the grex, the
breeder/registrant selects a single clone and registers it with a cultivar
name. The parentage is recorded on the registration form (hopefully this is
known), along with description and other known information about the plant's
source. From what I can deduce from the rules, this cultivar name might later
be used as a "Cultivar Group" name if other cultivars from the same cross are
later selected. The cultivar group is kinda like a grex name but not really.
It is a way of getting rid of the grex naming concept which is not too
accurate a way to name anything.

Hypothetical example:

You cross Anthurium reflexinervium with Anthurium superbum. You get a really
vigorous, strongly bullate, black-leafed plant in the seedling batch and
select this out and register it as Anthurium 'Black Ruffles'. Someone else
makes this same cross at another time. They get an exciting plant in this
batch that looks distinctly different than "Black Ruffles' and register it as
Anthurium (Black Ruffles Cultivar Group) 'Wavy Gravy'. If I am not mistaken,
this can also be referred to more simply as Anthurium 'Wavy Gravy'. Anyway,
this is the way it seems to work.

The orchid people get to keep naming grexes but no one else can do this
anymore. Orchid cultivars are typically registered only when an award is
given to a special clone. The orchid grex name is still registered, but you
need to keep in mind that the grex name is actually just a shorter way to
express the hybrid cross (so you don't have to write out the formula). People
have gotten into the messy habit of only referrring to a grex name when what
they actually need to communicate about is a single selected plant from the
hybrid swarm. Naming a cultivar, or single clone, is the only way to go if
you want to accurately talk about about a specific entity in cultivation with
certain stable characteristics. In this way, we all can be on the same
wavelength about what we are discussing, propagating, selling and trading
with each other.

Since we are basically starting out fresh with aroid registration it will be
much easier to adapt to the new rules. There are already some older names
that have been published and these will be entered into a checklist (I am
working on the first of several now) and later published in a Registry (after
we pass the checklists around and see if anything needs changing or
correcting). After the checklists are done it will be easier to register any
new cultivars because then we will know which names were previously used, and
not make a mistake in using a duplicate name. The whole point of this is to
adher to a set of naming standards, although these standards may change over
time, we should at least get everything in sync as much as possible.

Cultivars can also be applied to species selected from the wild populations
and grown in cultivation for some special characteristics, such as larger
leaves, brighter colored flowers, unusual variegation, etc.

I hope Wilbert will straighten me out on this if I have made a mistake. I am
still trying to deciper the nuances of the ICCP. It is not easy to abolish
the idea of grex names in your mind after being involved with orchids, so I
can understand the confusion about this issue. I just hope I have not got it
all wrong in these examples!

I am in the process of writing an explanation of the ICNCP for the purpose of
aroid registration and this will go up on the web site, and hopefullly will
be published in Aroideana in the future. I still have many questions myself
that need answering, but will do my best to help everyone understand what the
current Code requires for cultivar registration. Wilbert Hettersheid should
also be a great help to us all since he is one of the ICNCP authors.

Donna Atwood
Selby Gardens

<< Just joking about the cultivar names. But doesn't one have to make the grex
 official. This is what is done in orchid registery and cultivar (or clonal)
 names are then "fixed" at judging when an official award is given to it (or
 at a judging center or show.

 >>>>>>>>>>SelbyHort@aol.com on 05/02/2000 05:58:44 PM
  Just a note about Bonaventure's example with the A. Bloody Giant 'The Best'.
 To register a cultivar, you will need to select a clone from the cross and
 apply a cultivar name. Unfortunately you can't use names like 'The Best', or
 'Biggest and Greatest' or anything like that when officially registering your
 cutivars....sorry.  >>

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