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And you thought your Aunt Mildred had travelled the farthest...

  • Subject: [cg] And you thought your Aunt Mildred had travelled the farthest...
  • From: "Honigman, Adam" Adam.Honigman@Bowne.com
  • Date: Mon, 25 Nov 2002 13:34:56 -0500

Some food security information to talk at your Thanksgiving table when as you serve your garden grown veggies and serve your CSA raised Turkey, courtesy of Hope Coulter or the Arkansas Hunger Coalition.
Best wishes,
Adam Honigman
-----Original Message-----
From: Hope Coulter [mailto:arhunger@FLASH.NET]
Sent: Monday, November 25, 2002 12:50 PM
Subject: [ARKANSAS_FOOD_SECURITY_NETWORK] And you thought your Aunt Mildred had travelled the farthest...

>Thursday, November 21, 2002
>Globetrotting Food Will Travel Farther Than Ever This Thanksgiving
>Washington, DC- When far-flung families get together for Thanksgiving
>dinners next week, much of their food will have logged more miles than
>their relatives and friends around the table, finds a new study by the
>Worldwatch Institute, an environmental and social policy research
>organization based in Washington, D.C. In the United States, food now
>travels between 1,500 and 2,500 miles from farm to table, as much as 25
>percent farther than two decades ago.
>"The farther we ship food, the more vulnerable our food system becomes,"
>says Worldwatch Research Associate Brian Halweil, author of Home Grown:
><http://www.worldwatch.org/pubs/paper/163/orderpage.html>  The Case for
>Local Food in a Global Market. "Many major cities in the US have a
>limited supply of food on hand. That makes those cities highly
>vulnerable to anything that suddenly restricts transportation, such as
>oil shortages or acts of terrorism."
>This vulnerability is not limited to the United States. The tonnage of
>food shipped between countries has grown fourfold over the last four
>decades. In the United Kingdom, for example, food travels 50 percent
>farther than it did two decades ago.
>This reliance on long-distance food damages rural economies, as farmers
>and small food businesses become the most marginal link in the sprawling
>food chain. This trend also creates numerous opportunities along the way
>for contamination, while contributing to global warming, because of the
>huge quantities of fuel used for transportation.
>"We are spending far more energy to get food to the table than the
>energy we get from eating the food. A head of lettuce grown in the
>Salinas Valley of California and shipped nearly 3,000 miles to
>Washington, D.C., requires about 36 times as much fossil fuel energy in
>transport as it provides in food energy when it arrives," Halweil says.
>Surveys have shown that a typical meal-some meat, grain, fruits, and
>vegetables-using local ingredients entails four to 17 times less
>petroleum consumption in transport than the same meal bought from the
>conventional food chain.
>While most economists believe that long-distance food trade is efficient
>because communities and nations can buy their food from the lowest-cost
>provider, studies from North America, Asia, and Africa show farm
>communities reap little benefit, and often suffer as a result of freer
>trade in agricultural goods.
>"The economic benefits of food trade are a myth. The big winners are
>agribusiness monopolies that ship, trade, and process food. Agricultural
>policies, including the new Farm Bill, tend to favor factory farms,
>giant supermarkets, and long-distance trade, and cheap, subsidized
>fossil fuels encourage long-distance shipping. The big losers are the
>world's poor."
>Farmers producing for export often go hungry as they sacrifice the use
>of their land to feed foreign mouths, Halweil says. Poor urbanites in
>both the First and Third Worlds find themselves living in neighborhoods
>without supermarkets, green grocers, and healthy food choices.
>Halweil points to a vigorous, emerging local food movement that is
>challenging both the wisdom and practice of long-distance food shipping.
>"Massive meat recalls, the advent of genetically engineered food, and
>other food safety crises have built interest in local food," he says.
>"Rebuilding local food economies is the first genuine profit-making
>opportunity in farm country in years."
>In the United States, the number of registered farmers' markets has
>jumped from 300 in the mid-1970s and 1,755 in 1994 to more than 3,100
>today. Approximately three million people visit these markets each week
>and spend over $1 billion each year. Innovative restaurants, school
>cafeterias, caterers, hospitals, and even supermarkets are beginning to
>offer fresh, seasonal foods from local farmers and food businesses.
>"Locally grown food served fresh and in season has a definite taste
>advantage," says Halweil, "It's harvested at the peak of ripeness and
>doesn't have to be fumigated, refrigerated, or packaged for
>long-distance hauling and long shelf-life." In the United States, more
>than half of all tomatoes are harvested and shipped green, and then
>artificially ripened upon arrival at their final destination.
>"Of course, a certain amount of food trade is natural and beneficial.
>But money spent on locally produced foods stays in the community longer,
>creating jobs, supporting farmers, and preserving local cuisines and
>crop varieties against the steamroller of culinary imperialism. And
>developing nations that emphasize greater food self-reliance can retain
>precious foreign exchange and avoid the instability of international

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