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RE: colchicine


>I am treating buds as they come out of dormancy.  Active cell 
>divisions are occurring.  Perfect time for treatments.

In an earlier message you mentioned that the hostas you treated were 
probably cytochimeras.  Any treated hosta is going to have to be a L1 
and L2 conversion to be stable if hostas have two histogenic layers.  
If hostas have three histogenic layers then a L1, L2 conversion should 
be reasonably stable.  

The question I have for you, or anyone else on this list, is there any 
potential for tetraploid hostas?  Are the conversions you are getting 
showing any significent attraction that will make average gardeners  
covet them?  It seems to me that converted hostas will have more value 
as breeding stock than for use in a garden, which is what we find in 
daylilies.  However, if hostas have unreduced gametes, it seems to me 
that a few converted tets used with hostas producing unreduced gametes 
would be the easiest path for developing tetraploid hostas.

However, there is one other concern.  In daylilies the fertility of 
the early converted material and their early decends were quite 
limited.  However, over time fertility increases and now tetraploid 
daylilies are quite fertile.  The same may be true for hostas, but I 
see a secondary problem with tet hostas that are not present in other 
genera.  Diploid hostas with 60 chromosomes are probably already a 
amphidiploid, so doubling them up to 120 chromosmes will make for a 
lot of crowding in the nucleus.  There is a lot of potential for 
chromosome abnormalities at the tet level that can result in all kinds 
of fertility problems.

Joe Halinar

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