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Re: Academic Honesty


Pardon the redundancy if you have already received this post from
AHSE-MAILROBIN.
It is copied to hosta-open for those who do not belong to the AHS Robin.
...............................................................................
> 
> Robins,
> 
> The year-end Holidays are a good time to take inventory,to take stock of
> ourselves, our belief systems, our behavior patterns and our
> relationships with other human beings. At times we are hampered by our
> lack of knowledge,our limited experiences and our failure to learn from
> them.
> 
> I have written a very short essay on Academic Honesty which I want to
> share with Robins. It came about from telephone disussions with hosta
> friend, Bill Meyer.  His brother-in-law teaches English at Temple
> University. He gave Bill a copy of a six page Booklet which was prepared
> by the Faculty of the University for new students entering into new
> academic life. I read it with great interest. I want to quote a few
> portions of it because its lessons are valuable to us all. I want to
> thank Bill, his brother in law and the entire Faculty of Temple U. for
> this information.
> 
> The statement on Academic Honesty outlines the goal of the University as
> "To seek the truth, discover the truth and to speak and publish the
> truth". It outlines a specific set of requirements governing the way
> Faculty and students must  behave toward each other in the classroom and
> in which "we may use  one another's thoughts, words, ideas or published
> research".
> 
> "Rules are self evident and follow inevitably from a respect for the
> truth. We must not take credit for research, for ideas, or for words
> which are not our own. We must not falsify data, or results of research.
> We must not present any work under false pretenses. We must understand
> exactly what is meant by the three major types of academic
> dishonesty...plagiarism
>              violating the rules of an assignment and
>              cheating on an examination".
> (These last two types of dishonesty are well known and will not be
> discussed further. The first type is less well known and will be
> described briefly).
> 
> "Plagiarism is the unacknowledged use of another person's labor,
> another  person's ideas, words or assistance. There are many forms of
> plagiarism: repeating  another person's sentence as your own, adopting a
> particularly apt phrase as your own, paraphrasing someone else's
> argument as your own, or even presenting someone else's line of
> thinking  in the development of a thesis as though it were your own. All
> of these forms of plagiarism are prohibited both by the traditional
> principles of academic honesty and by the regulations of Temple
> University.Our education and our research encourage us to explore and
> use the ideas of others, and as writers we frequently  will want to use
> the ideas and even the words of others. It is perfectly acceptable to do
> so; but we must never submit someone else's work as if it were our own,
> without giving  appropriate credit to the originator".
> 
> "The following types of materials should be acknowledged through an
> acceptable form of citation:
> 
> (a) Quotations. Whenever you use a phrase, sentence, or longer passage
> written (or spoken) by someone else, you must enclose the words in
> quotation marks and indicate the exact source of the material. This
> applies also  to quotations you have altered.
> 
> (b)Paraphrasing another's language. Avoid closly paraphrasing another's
> words: substituting an occasional synonym, leaving out or adding an
> occasional modifier, rearranging the grammar slightly, just changing the
> tenses of verbs, and so on. Either quote the material directly, using
> quotation marks, or put the ideas completely in your own words. In
> either case, acknowledgment is necessary. Remember: expressing someone
> else's ideas in your own way does not make them yours.
> 
> (c) Facts.In a paper you will often use facts that you have gotten from
> a lecture, a written work, or some other source. If the facts are well
> known, it is usually not necessary to provide a source....But if the
> facts are not widely known or if the facts were developed or presented
> by a specific source, then you should identify the source for the facts.
> 
> (d) Ideas. If you use an idea or ideas you have learned from a lecture,
> written work or some other source, then you should identify the
> source...whether you agree or disagree with the idea. It does not become
> your original idea just because you agree with it."
> 
> There, Robins, you have good guidelines on honesty. What has this to do
> with Hostas? It has much to do with many aspect of our activities in
> Hosta gardening....extending from Hosta registration, correct labelling,
> hosta theft, piracy, research, record keeping, Hosta literature and
> exchange of information. If we are not ethical in our selling and buying
> of hostas, in propagation and record keeping, in hybridizing, in telling
> others of our findings, when will we ever be honest?
> 
> The purpose of this post is educational to help you  learn about the
> perils of dishonesty. We should not allow it, nor condone it, and
> certainly not encourage it. Plagiarism if allowed in our midst, can do
> serious harm. It is unethical, antisocial , dishonest and corrupting
> behavior.  When we see it, we should expose it, clean it out, clean up
> the mess, disinfect the area and prevent it from happening again.
> 
> Moralist Jim Hawes

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