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Re: Lakeside Cha Cha


In a message dated 02/14/2001 5:16:05 PM Central Standard Time, 
chick@bridgewoodgardens.com writes:

<< 
 > Paul
 
 I suspect that you were taught your history by a damn Pollack.  The union of
 Poland and Lithuania occured in the fourteenth century, when a Lithuanian, 
Jogaila
 became king of Poland.  If that's what the Poles want to call being a 
master...
 
 Whew. Sorry guys, lost my head.
 
 I need a beer.
  >>


I think your grandmothers voice still lives, but be that as it may, I have 
listed below a very selective History of Poland for those that might find it 
of interest.

I have no personal attachment to the events-My ancestors were Vikings and 
they were universally loved by all.

Paul

                               966 AD
                                    Conversion of Mieszko and the Poles to
                                    Christianity. Beginnings of Statehood.
                               1241
                                    Tartar invasion; destruction of the 
capital,
                                    Krakow. 
                               1364
                                    Founding of the University of Krakow.
                               1386
                                    Marriage of Polish Queen Jadwiga and
                                    Lithuanian Grand Duke Jagiello; 
conversion of
                                    the Lithuanians and union of the two 
nations,
                                    beginnings of Jagiellonian dynasty and 
era of
                                    Poland's greatness.
                               1410
                                    Victory of Polish-Lithuanian-Russian army 
over
                                    the Teutonic Knights of Grunwald 
(Tannenburg).
                               1543
                                    Copernicus’ "On the Revolutions of 
Heavenly
                                    Bodies" published; a high point in the 
country's
                                    cultural "golden age."
                               1772
                                    First partition of Poland by Russia, 
Prussia, and
                                    Austria.
                               1791
                                    Promulgation on May 3rd of a republican
                                    constitution reforming the country's 
government;
                                    the historic document guarantees 
religious and
                                    political rights. 
                               1793
                                    Second partition by Russia and Prussia:
                                    Constitution annulled.
                               1795
                                    1795 Third partition by Russia, Prussia, 
and
                                    Austria; failure of Kosciuszko uprising 
to save the
                                    country; Poland erased from map. 
                               1830
                                    "November Uprising" against Russians 
crushed;
                                    Chopin and the poet Adam Mickiewicz, among
                                    others, leave the country in exile.
                               1843
                                    Uprisings fail in Germany and Austrian 
zones. 
                               1863
                                    Defeat of the "January Uprising" against 
the
                                    Russians; Joseph Conrad leaves the 
country;
                                    implementation of severe policies of 
Russification
                                    and Germanization; great peasant 
migrations to
                                    America begin. By 1914, 3.5 million 
people have
                                    left Poland. 
                               1918
                                    Poland regains her independence thanks to
                                    President Wood row Wilson, Joseph 
Pilsudski,
                                    Ignacy Paderewski and others.
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