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Re: [IGSROBIN] where did they all come from?


Andrew & Robin, 
	Here is a condensed Pelargonium species List. This will not overwhelm 
you! In fact most of these are species that are easier to work with. The 
information here is based on a Lecture done by Dr. James (Jim) Sefton last 
year. I needed to get the data into my computer anyway so here it is:
	My miscellaneous page is like a time line that gives a historical 
overview  on Plants. I welcome anyone to build off from where I started and 
add their own knowledgeable information on the subject.
	 Like the Swedish Botanist that started plant classification, set up 
organization in groups of character???Was that Lenayus? Date?
Then there is his student Carl Tungberg ? who looked for the pelargoniums 
with Frances Mason in South Africa. Dates???
	So.... 
ready???*********************************************************************

	Pelargoniums: Approximate Chronology of discovery  of  certain
				    South African Species, with a generalized 
location 
Date		Species		     Locations
1632		P.triste		          Western Cape, near coast
1672		P.cucullatum  	     Coastal southwest cape near Capetown
1690		P.capitatum	           Entire coast from Capetown to 
Zululand
1693		P.alchemilloides	Entire coast, eastward from Capetown
1700		P.peltatum		     South and East Cape, coastal
1710		P.zonale		     South and East Cape, coastal, 
Southwest
					                  Cape interior
1710		P.fulgidum		      Western Cape, coastal
1712		P.gibbosum		      Western Cape, coastal
1714		P.inquinans	            Southeast Cape, coast & interior, 
Port 
					                  Elizabeth to Umtata
1724		P.acetosum		      Eastern Cape, coast & 
interior,Port Eliza-
					                  beth to Steynsburg
1724		P.odoratissimum	Southern Cape, coastal
1724		P.vitifolium	            Southwest Cape, coastal & interior
1724		P.papilionaceum	Southwest & South Cape
1763		P.tabulare		      Southwest Cape interior, 
VanRhynsdorp to
					                  Uniondale
1767		P.crispum		      Southwest Cape, Worcester, 
Bredasdorp
1768		P.hirtum		      West Cape coastal, Capetown to 
St. Helena
					                   Bay
1770		P.appendiculatum     Western Cape, Leipoldtville
1772		P. sidoides		       Widespread Eastern Cape; also 
Orange Free
					                   State/Transvaal
1774		P.tetragonum	       Southern Cape ISland, Caledon to 
					                   Grahamstown
1774		P.radens		       Southern & Eastern cape, 
behind coast
1774 	      P.cordifolium	       South& East Cape, Bredasdorp to King
					                     Williamís Town
1775		P.glaucum		       Southwest Cape interior, 
Worcestor only
	     (now P.lanceolatum)
1775		P.scabrum		       Southern & Western Cape, 
widespread
1786		P.betulinum	             Southwest & South Cape, very 
close to coast
1786 	      P.ceratophyllym	       S.W.A./ Namibia, mouth of Orange River
1786		P.cortusifolium	       S.W.A./ Namibia, mouth of Orange River
1786		P.crassicaule	       S.W.A./ Namibia, mouth of Orange River
1787		P.minimum	             Cape of Good Hope,but also 
widespread 
					                     throughout Africa
1788		P.rapaceum		       Southwest Cape, interior
1789		P.denticulatum	       South Cape Coast, Mossel Bay
1789		P.grossularioides	 South and East Cape, coastal
1789		P.quercifolium	       South Cape, near Oudtshoorn & 
Willowmore
1789		P.graveolens	       Southeast Cape,George to Grahamstown &
					                   North Transvaal
1791		P.abrotanifolium	       Southeast Cape, also in Orange 
Free State
1791		P.alternans		       Southwest Cap, interior
1792		P.longifolium	       Southwest Cape interior, Calvinia to
					                   Port Elizabeth	
1792		P.crithmifolium	       Richtersveld, Namaqualand
1792		P.fragile		       Southern Cape interior, near 
Oudtshoorn
                  (ex-P.trifidum)
1793		P.tricolor		       Southern Cape interior, near 
Oudtshoorn
		      (ex-P.violareum)
1794		P.grandiflorum	       Southwest Cape interior
1794		P.incrassatum	       Western Cape, south from Sprinkbok
1794		P.tomentosum	       Southwest cape,Riversdale to Bredasdorp
1795		P.echinatum	       Western Cape, Namaqualand,  
Clanwilliam 
					                   to Richtersveld
1795		P.pulchellum	       Namaqualand, around Bitterfontein
1797		P.paniculatum	       S.W.A./Namibia:mouth of Orange River
1800		P.fruticosum	       Southern cape, Ladismith to Willowmore
1800		P.reniforme		       Eastern cape, coastal, Knysna 
to Umtata
1801		P.praemorsum	       Namaqualand, Richtersvald south to 	
				                         VanRhynsdorp
1805		P.luridum		      Eastern Cape: also 
Transvaal,Natal, & 
					                   Orange Free State
1810		P.dolomiticum	      Far northern interior, near Kuruman
1813		P.dichondrifolium     Eastern cape, Middelburg, Somerset East
1814		P.oblongatum	      Northern Namaqualand, Richtersveld
1821      	P.schizopetalum     Eastern Cape, Transkei: Port Elizabeth to
					                  Butterworth
1822		P.pulverulentum		  Eastern Cape, Transkei: also Natal
1824		P.laxum			  Dry areas of cental cape, near
						             Middelburg
1826		P.candicans		  Southwest Cape interior
1830		P.dasphyllum		  Northern Namaqualand
1835		P.antidysentericum	  Northern Namaqualand, near 	
						              Springbok
1835		P.iocastum			  Southwest Cape, interior
1841		P.ionidiflorum		  Eastern Cape interior, Cradock, and
						              Fort Beaufort
1860		P.crassipes			  Southern Namaqualand, 	
	
						              VanRhynsdorp to 
Clanwilliam
1866		P.exhibens			   Eastern Cape, interior, 
Middelburg
1877		P. barklyi			   Namaqualand, south of 
Springbok
1890		P.transvaalense       	   Transvaal, north of Barberton
1897		P.xerophyton		   S.W.A./Namibia,Springbok, around
						               & beyond 
Oranjemund & Alexander
						               Bay
1913		P.klinghardtense		   S.W.A./Namibia, Klinghardt 
Mtns.
1930s	      P.acraeum			   Transvaal, Northeast of Pretoria
1934		P.tenuicaule    		   S.W.A./Namibia, mouth of 
the
						              Orange River
1955		P.tongaense		   Northeastern Natal
1983		P.citronellum		   Southern cape, George.
1984		P. greytonense		   Southwestern cape, coastal, Greyton



Note:	Most Pelargoniums species are found around the Cape area of S. 
Africa.	  		Unfortunately this was also the desired area at which 
settlements sprung up.	
	
	The S.W.A./Namibia, areas often would have less	than an		
	inch a year.
	The number of native species increases as you go south down the
	West coast and turn toward Cape Agulhas going east.

	Miscellaneous Elaboration's are welcomed!
	TIME LINE

	In 1630 in England, the period of expansion of plant knowledge 
	was in the works. Learning about male and female parts 
	and pollen allowed for the Classification of plant material to happen.

	In 1738 Johanna's Berman was the 1st person to use the term 
	Pelargonium, arriving from South Africa.
	
	British take over the cape- figured out hybridizing, hot house
	propagation in England, (hybrids between two species, some
	species are know  lost 1820, 1830, known only by drawings)
	
	1830 Microscope invention-allowed for botanists to see how pollenation
	 worked.

	1850 Darwin shows relationship between plants and evolution.

	19th Century gardens cultivated regals. Lord Butte 1870s was 
	popular in gardens. Thomas Jefferson planted them around
	 his estate.
	
	Later....
	Cynthia Pardoe





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