hort.net Seasonal photo, (c) 2006 Christopher P. Lindsey, All Rights Reserved: do not copy
articles | gallery of plants | blog | tech blog | plant profiles | patents | mailing lists | top stories | links | shorturl service | tom clothier's archive0
Gallery of Plants
Tech Blog
Plant Profiles
Mailing Lists
    Search ALL lists
    Search help
    Subscription info
Top Stories
sHORTurl service
Tom Clothier's Archive
 Top Stories
New Trillium species discovered

Disease could hit Britain's trees hard

Ten of the best snowdrop cultivars

Plant protein database helps identify plant gene functions

Dendroclimatologists record history through trees

Potato beetle could be thwarted through gene manipulation

Hawaii expands coffee farm quarantine

Study explains flower petal loss

RSS story archive

Monsanto takes Seminis Seeds: US outlaws seed saving by Iraqfarmers

  • Subject: [cg] Monsanto takes Seminis Seeds: US outlaws seed saving by Iraqfarmers
  • From: Don Boekelheide dboekelheide@yahoo.com
  • Date: Tue, 25 Jan 2005 19:45:21 -0800 (PST)

Two bits of truly dismal news to go along with today's
report on the reality of global warming,  from Sam
Smith's excellent daily email news service, the
Progressive Review (to subscribe (free - but then send
him support): 
prorev-subscribe@topica.com. -DB


REUTERS - Agriculture products company Monsanto Co.
said it will buy Seminis Inc., the world's largest
commercial fruit and vegetable seed company, for at
least $1 billion from a private equity firm to
capitalize on the trend toward healthier eating. . .
Monsanto, a leading developer of genetic modifications
for crops like soybeans and corn, said biotechnology
modifications to Seminis' fruit and vegetable lines
were an option, but the initial focus would be on
leveraging Seminis' conventional breeding programs
with Monsanto's advanced research and development to
develop improved product options. . . Seminis supplies
more than 3,500 seed varieties to commercial fruit and
vegetable growers, dealers, distributors, wholesalers
and home gardeners around the world.


GRAIN - When former Coalition Provisional Authority
administrator L. Paul Bremer III left Baghdad after
the so-called "transfer of sovereignty" in June 2004,
he left behind the 100 orders he enacted as chief of
the occupation authority in Iraq. Among them is Order
81 on "Patent, Industrial Design, Undisclosed
Information, Integrated Circuits and Plant Variety."
This order amends Iraq's original patent law of 1970
and unless and until it is revised or repealed by a
new Iraqi government, it now has the status and force
of a binding law.  With important implications for
farmers and the future of agriculture in Iraq, this
order is yet another important component in the United
States' attempts to radically transform Iraq's

For generations, small farmers in Iraq operated in an
essentially unregulated, informal seed supply system.
Farm-saved seed and the free innovation with and
exchange of planting materials among farming
communities has long been the basis of agricultural
practice. This has been made illegal under the new
law. The seeds farmers are now allowed to plant -
"protected" crop varieties brought into Iraq by
transnational corporations in the name of agricultural
reconstruction - will be the property of the
corporations. While historically the Iraqi
constitution prohibited private ownership of
biological resources, the new US-imposed patent law
introduces a system of monopoly rights over seeds. . .

The rights granted to plant breeders in this scheme
include the exclusive right to produce, reproduce,
sell, export, import and store the protected
varieties. . . The term of the monopoly is 20 years
for crop varieties and 25 for trees and vines. During
this time the protected variety de facto becomes the
property of the breeder, and nobody can plant or
otherwise use this variety without compensating the
breeder. This new law means that Iraqi farmers can
neither freely legally plant nor save for re-planting
seeds of any plant variety registered under the plant
variety provisions of the new patent law. This
deprives farmers what they and many others worldwide
claim as their inherent right to save and replant
seeds. . . 

Iraq is one more arena in a global drive for the
adoption of seed patent laws protecting the monopoly
rights of multinational corporations at the expense of
local farmers. Over the past decade, many countries of
the South have been compelled to adopt seed patent
laws through bilateral treaties. . .

The American Community Gardening Association listserve is only one of ACGA's services to community gardeners. To learn more about the ACGA and to find out how to join, please go to http://www.communitygarden.org

To post an e-mail to the list:  community_garden@mallorn.com

To subscribe, unsubscribe or change your subscription:  https://secure.mallorn.com/mailman/listinfo/community_garden

 © 1995-2017 Mallorn Computing, Inc.All Rights Reserved.
Our Privacy Statement
Other Mailing lists | Author Index | Date Index | Subject Index | Thread Index