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Re: nomenclatural laughs


For those not registered at New York Times web site I am reposting the 
nomenclature article, and hope it brings a smile to all.  sorry for the 
confusion.

Betty

Ba Humbugi! Let's Nameus That Speciesus


  By HENRY FOUNTAIN

[demime 1.01d removed an attachment of type image/gif which had a name of spacer.gif]
Published: February 20, 2005 (from New York Times on the Web)

[demime 1.01d removed an attachment of type image/gif which had a name of w.gif]
HAT'S in a name?

  If you're a tiny creature native to the Indian subcontinent, exactly 
36 vowels and consonants. That's what it takes to spell Prolasioptera 
aeschynanthusperottetii, a primitive fly discovered by an Indian 
entomologist, M. S. Mani, in 1943.

  The hefty name may be just about the only thing unusual about P. 
aeschynanthusperottetii, an otherwise forgettable insect. But it is 
hardly the most unusual name in the animal kingdom. (It isn't even the 
longest: another fly weighs in at 42 letters.)

  Scientists may be serious people, engaged in the pursuit of objective 
truth. But when it comes to naming species, they often let their hair 
down.

  So the insect world has Heerz tooya, Apopyllus now and Pieza pi and 
Pieza rhea, among thousands of puns and other oddities. (In science, 
all creatures are binomial, with a capitalized genus name followed by a 
lower-case species name.) The oceans are home to Ittibittium, a genus 
of mollusks that are smaller than those named Bittium. There are 
species named for body parts and bodily functions, for celebrities, 
painters and writers, for cartoon characters and favorite sports. For 
those who find it to be all too much, there is even Ba humbugi, a snail 
from Fiji.

  Since the scientist who discovers a species gets the right to name it, 
the lay public doesn't often have a chance to join in the fun. But the 
Wildlife Conservation Society announced this month that it would 
auction off the naming rights to a new species of monkey found in 
Bolivia. The money raised by the auction (beginning Thursday at 
www.charityfolks.com) will go to wildlife protection in that country.

  So, to the victor goes the spelling. And just about any spelling goes.

  "We have a code of ethics - no names that could be offensive on any 
grounds," said Neal L. Evenhuis, an entomologist at the Bishop Museum 
in Honolulu and current president of the International Commission on 
Zoological Nomenclature, which oversees the naming process (similar 
groups exist for plants and bacteria). Beyond that, and requirements 
for Latinizing certain words, the person naming a species has wide 
leeway.

  Dr. Evenhuis has taken some of that leeway himself with several of the 
more than 500 species of insects he has named. The flies Pieza pi and 
Pieza rhea are his creations, as are Pieza deresistans (relying on an 
alternative pronunciation of the genus name) and his personal favorite, 
Phthiria relativitae.

  "It's not that I'm desperate," Dr. Evenhuis said. "I just have this 
streak of levity. Not all names have to necessarily be kind of boring."

  Others, however, are desperate. The problem is there are too many 
species. Well over one million animal species have been described, and 
millions more are awaiting discovery. And there are still many known 
species that no one has had the time to name yet. "There are not enough 
taxonomists to go around," Dr. Evenhuis said.

  While some scientists try to follow the traditional practice of 
incorporating an organism's characteristics into its name, others give 
up and try something else. So there are creatures from Aa to Zyzzyx. 
There are the palindromic names Ababa and Xela alex. There's a species 
for every Tom, Dick and Harry: Ptomaspis, Dikenaspis and Ariaspis. 
There are several moth species that easily could have come from that 
novelty song "The Name Game": bobana, momana, fofana. These and other 
unusual names have been compiled by Mark Isaak and are available at his 
Web site, http://home.earthlink.net/~misaak/taxonomy.html.

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