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Re: hosta-open DIGEST V1 #323


>according to Kevin Vaughn in the hosta journal hostas are build 
>from two layers. A recent publication on Dracaena states there are 
>four layers. What proof do you have that there are three layers in 

The three layer structure is the most common, so I am just using it as 
an example.  Whether or not hostas have two, three or four layers 
isn't all that material to the point I was making - which is that all 
chimeras are lost when they go through a sexual process because all 
embryos start off as a single cell.  Since all cells in a seedling are 
derived from one cell, then all cells in a seedling are going to have 
the same cytoplasm, baring some mutation that takes place after the 
zygote divides.  There is no mechanism for plants to produce 
cytoplastmic periclinal chimeras on a regular basis through a sexual 

It is also dificult to explain a lot of hosta veriegation by assuming 
chlorplast mutations.  If an white mediovariegated hosta were due to 
mutated chloroplasts, and eggs are dervired from L2 tissue, then these 
hostas would only produce albino seedlings because the egg cells would 
only contain mutated albino chloroplasts.

Joe Halinar

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