RE: Difference between horticulture and permaculture?
Permaculture, in principal, has less impact on Earth than agriculture
because it focuses on perennial food sources, rather than annual soil
working and replanting. It also seeks to cycle nature's energies as many
times as possible with in the Permaculture, rather than import energy for
IMHO, the most benevolent and least demanding annual vegetable growing
technique is "Grow Biointensive (GBI)." www.growbiointensive.org
Although demanding at first (double digging), it seeks to do minimal soil
disturbance once beds have peak fertitility. That is, a fertile "Grow
Biointensive" bed would only be cultivated by working compost into the top
2" of the bed. How easy for you and gentle for the soil and its life forms!
The compost is home grown and not imported from off-site.
Be aware that "Grow Biointensive" has 8 componants that must ALL be used,
lest you exhaust your soil very rapidly. Just double digging and intensive
planting is NOT "GBI" and will damage your soil.
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